17264    Narayanasamy P.S et al./ Elixir Human Res. Mgmt. 61 (2013) 17264-17265


Available online at (Elixir International Journal)
Human Resource Management
Elixir Human Res. Mgmt. 61 (2013) 17264-17265

Entrepreneurship versus Intrapreneurship

Narayanasamy P.S* and M.Sathya

V.L.B Janakiammal College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore.

Article history: This paper highlights the review of theoretical studies on the concepts of entrepreneurship Received: 8 April 2013; and intrapreneurship; underline the similarities and differences between them.

Received in revised form: Entrepreneurship continues to thrive in almost all corners of the world. Entrepreneurs are 14 August 2013; reshaping the business environment, creating a world in which their companies play an

Accepted: 24 August 2013; important role in the vitality of the global economy. But there is not always necessary to  establish a company in order to implement new ideas. A great potential lies in applying

Keywords          business principles within existing organizations.

Edntrepreneurship,                                                                                             © 2013 Elixir All rights reserved



Human resources,


Business environment,  Enterprises.



The concept of Entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship has appreciable change in nature and content over the years. It is no longer considered an assortment of all sorts of arbiter facts and figures to choose from. The increasing competition hinders our work. It does not suffice anymore to stand before our competitors simply driven by our will of competing; we have to bring something new to the market. Entrepreneurs and intrapreneur play a prominent role as they help the company to engage in new business and enter new markets. The concept of entrepreneurship is seen as the process of uncovering and developing an opportunity to create value through innovation and seizing that opportunity without regard to either human resources or the location of the entrepreneur – in a new or existing Enterprise. The other hand both are contributing to individual, socio economic and national development.

Who is an Entrepreneur?

The entrepreneur is an important input of economic development. He is a catalyst of development. A good entrepreneur ship is one who is capable of inspiring confidence in people and has the ability to motivate them to work with him in fulfilling the economic goals set by him.

The word of entrepreneurs denotes in many ways (i.e.)

Entrepreneurs who are visionaries

Entrepreneurs who are optimistic

Entrepreneurs who are empowering people

Entrepreneurs who care for the society

Entrepreneurs who have the human values

Entrepreneurs who are dynamic

Entrepreneurs who follow good strategies Leadership as Laddership:

Management is efficiency in climbing the ladder of success, leadership determines whether the ladder is learning against the right wall. Leon walrus, the theory of social wealth (1954) pointed out that entrepreneur is the coordinator of basic factors of production. He treated “entrepreneur “as the four factor of production who combines other factors such as land labour and capital.

        © 2013 Elixir All rights reserved


Who is an intrapreneur?

Intrapreneur and entrepreneurs is essentially the same thing. Having either title requires that an individual be remarkably innovative, patient and resourceful. Both types of “preneurs” must be willing to be inventive and take risks.

According to American heritage dictionary, “A person within a large corporation who takes direct responsibility for turning an idea into a profitable finished product through assertive risk-taking and innovation”. Intrapreneurship is now known as the practice of a corporate management style that integrates risk-taking and innovation approaches, as well as the reward and motivational techniques that are more traditionally thought of as being the province of entrepreneurship.

According to Entrepreneurial dictionary, Intrapreneurship refers to employee initiatives in organizations to undertake something new, without being asked to do so.  “Hence, the intrapreneur focuses on innovation and creativity, and transforms an idea into a profitable venture, while operating within the organizational environment.

After seeing the Advantages and the dis advantages of each concept we think that it is useful to see also the similarities and differences between these two concepts. Morris & Kuratko (2002) are of the opinion that the literature is sometimes confusing in underlining what exactly makes an entrepreneur different from an intrapreneur and what they have in common. This is why they point out a serious similarities and differences:

Entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship: similarities   Both involve opportunity recognition and definition.

Both require a unique business concept that takes the form of a product, process, or service.

Both are driven by an individual champion who works with a team to bring the concept to fruition.

Both require that the entrepreneur be able to balance vision with managerial skill, passion with   Proactiveness with patience.

Both involve concepts that are most vulnerable in the formative stage, and that require adaptation over time.

17265 Narayanasamy P.S et al./ Elixir Human Res. Mgmt. 61 (2013) 17264-17265


Table: 1 Shows the major advantages and disadvantages of Entrepreneurship

Advantages Disadvantages
 Act as  independency

The income increases

You have the chance to be business icon

You have part of excitement and adventure

Social image and values own salary

 Money pressure – giving up on the  security of a regular paycheck  Less benefits as the business is new

Long working hours

Mistakes are magnified

All decisions must be made alone


Table: 2 Shows the major advantages and disadvantages of Intrapreneurship

Advantages Disadvantages
 To stay in  well known environment

Practicing your skills with lower risk

Using companies resources, good name,

To gain a practical knowledge

Access to customers, infrastructure Flexible risk taking.

 Reward may not be up to expectation  Innovation may not be appreciated  You can be innovative but to a certain  limit

you are not your own boss Highly dependent.


Both entail a window of opportunity within which the concept can be successfully

Capitalized upon.

Both are predicated on value creation and accountability to a customer.

Both entail risk and require risk management strategies.

Both require the entrepreneur to develop creative strategies for leveraging resources.

Both involve significant ambiguity.

Differences between entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship:

In start-up entrepreneurship, the entrepreneur takes the risk in intrapreneurship and the Company takes the risk other than career-related risk.

In start-up the individual entrepreneur owns the concept and business inintrapreneurship; the company typically owns the concept and intellectual rights with the individual entrepreneur having little or no equity in the venture at all.

In a start-up potential rewards for the individual entrepreneur are theoretically unlimited where in intrapreneurship an organizational structure is in place to limit rewards/compensation to the entrepreneur/employee.

In a start-up venture, one strategic gaffe could mean instant failure; in intrapreneurship the organization has more flexibility for management errors.

In a start-up the entrepreneur is subject or more susceptible to outside influences; in intrapreneurship the organization is more

insulated from outside forces or influence


In this paper explores both entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship and the relations between them. An important outcome of the review is the identification of the similarities and differences between entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship and also the advantages and disadvantages of both concepts. At present we are facing both employment and economic crisis, entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship is an excellent tool for breaking out of the trend trough innovation, by bringing something new innovation on the market. Finally both entrepreneurship and intrapreneurship are instruments of innovation that help in creating new competencies and accessing new business environment. Bibliography

  1. Vasant Desai (2011) “The dynamics of Entrepreneurial Development & Management, Himalaya publications house 2. Amo, B. W. & Kolvereid, L. (2005). „Organizational strategy, individual Personality and innovation behavior” Journal of Enterprising Culture, 13(1),pp. 7-19.
  2. Antoncic, B. (2001). Organizational processes in intrapreneurship: a Conceptual integration”, Journal of Enterprising Culture, 9(2), pp. 221-35.
  3. Antoncic, B., & Hisrich, R. D. (2003). “Clarifying the intrapreneurship Concept”, Journal of Small Business & Enterprise Development, 2003, pp. 7- 24
  4. Churchill, N. C., “Research issues in entrepreneurship” (2003). In Antoncic, B & Hisrich, R, D, Clarifying the intrapreneurship concept, Journal of Small Business &

Enterprise Development, pp. 7-24

  1. Davis, K. S. (1999). “Decision criteria in the evaluation of potential Intrapreneur”, Journal of Engineering & Technology Management, pp. 295- 327
  2. Honig, B. (2001). Learning strategies and resources for entrepreneurs and Intrapreneur”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 26(1), pp. 21-35.


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